... Education in Costa Rica ...
by Infocostarica Staff
Everything in San Jose makes clear that Costa Ricans are a highly literate people : the country boasts of 93% literacy in those 10 years or over, the most literate population in Central
America. Many of the countrys early fathers like the first president, Jose Maria
Castro, were former teachers who were concerned about the education in Costa Rica. In
1869, the country became one of the first in the world to make the education both free and
obligatory, funded by the states share of the great coffee wealth. In those days
only one in ten Costa Ricans could read and write . By 1920 the 50% of the population was
literate and by 1970s 89% were able to read and write.
The last 20 years have seen a significant boosts to educational standards. Since the
70s the country has invested more than 28% of the national budget on primary and secondary
education. President Figueres elected in 1994, advocates a computer in each of the
nations 4000 schools, plus obligatory English classes, probably with the
technological and tourist industries boom of recent years.
Libraries are the only way for adults in rural areas to continue education beyond six
grade. The country, with approximately 100 libraries, has a desperate need for books and
for funds to support the hundreds of additional libraries that the country needs.
Elementary and High schools are to be found in every community. Students are not
required to pay for assistance, a nominal charge of around $20 per year applies.
Elementary school has 6 year levels, where as high school has 5 year levels. Each
is divided in two cycles, and upon completion of each cycle, students are required to pass
tests on all subjects studied during those years. The most notorious of these tests
are the Bachillerato Tests, which are required to get the high school diploma needed
for admission to Universities.
Although the country lacked a university until 1940, Costa Rica now boasts four
state-funded universities and a score of small private ones, whose number has increased
dramatically in the last decade, due to the difficulty of being admitted to state-funded,
more prestigious universities. Opportunities abound for adults to earn the primary
or secondary diplomas they failed to gain as children.
The University of Costa Rica (UCR), the largest and oldest university, enrolls some
35,000 students, mostly on scholarships, but even paying full tuition is not hard as it
rarely surpasses $200 a semester. The main campus is in the northeastern San Jose
community of San Pedro but the UCR also has regional centers in Alajuela, Turrialba,
Puntarenas and Cartago. The National University in Heredia, offers a variety of liberal
arts, sciences, and professional studies to 13,000 students . Cartagos Technical
Institute of Costa Rica (ITCR) specializes in science and technology, and seeks to train
people for agriculture, industry and mining. And the State Correspondence University,
founded in 1978, is modeled after the United Kingdoms Open University and has 32
regional centers offering 15 degree courses in health, education, business administration,
and the liberal arts.
In addition there are many private institutions like, the Autonomous University of
Central America, the University for Peace, sponsored by the United Nations offering
a masters degree in communications for Peace.